LOJIKL INGLISH SPELING (LI) – LOGICAL ENGLISH SPELLING

LOJIKL INGLISH SPELING - LI

(LOGICAL ENGLISH SPELLING)

THE ROOLZ

Roloe Reed

 

With much help from varius membrz of  groups.yahoo.com/group/saundspel, espeshly Mr Alan Beale, hoo haz unstintingly givn ov hiz tiem and expeurteez to amend, improov and prizent th Roolz, and haz proegramd th 30,000 weurd Dikshnry
17 July 2006

 

INTR'DUKSHN

Th aem ov LI iz to spel weurdz soe that th sound iz kleer from th speling; and that th speling iz kleer from th sound. Oenly th standrd loer kaes kee-baurd iz needid, uthr than kapitlz.

 

 

KNVENSHNZ

Wen evr tr'dishnl Inglish weurdz aar spelt, thae aar shoen in p'renth'seez ( ). Egzamplz in LI aar shoen bitween sqair brakits [ ]. Whair LI and Tr'dishnl Speling, TS, aar th saem, oenly wun speling, bitween sqair brakits, iz shoen.

 

KONS'N'NTS


Kons’n’nts oenly hav th soundz biloe - nevr az a vouul and seldm modifieing th sound ov a vouul.

B b    B [But]     

 

C c    not needid az plaen kons'n'nt, riplaest bie  [k] aur [s] . Oenly    th [ch] sound in [chair]. C iz nevr th [s] sound.

 

D d    D [Dad]          

 

F  f    F [Fox] - nevr az [v]

 

G g   G [Gap] -nevr az [j]; and [gh] in [logh] (loch).

 

H h    H [Hat] Aulsoe t faurm th soundz : Ch [Chair], Gh [Logh],  Sh [Shed], Th [This], Th [Thing], Zh [Vizhn] (vision). Aulsoe, if yoo liek, Wh, [Whair] (Where) and Kh [Khaan] (Khan).

 

J  j     J [Jet]

 

K k     K and ck in [Kik] (kick). Riplaesiz th [k] sound ov [c] Aulsoe, Kh [Khaalid] (Khalid)

 

L l      L [Let]

 

M m  M [Met]

 

N n    N [Net] Aulsoe az th diegrafs [ng] in [ring], [singing], [anggr] (anger), [singr] (singer) and nk in [ink] etk.

 

P p    P [Pet] .

 

Q q   Q [Qeen] (Queen) - not with [U] in LI.

 

R r    R [Rat]. [r] in sum weurdz iz soundid bie roetiks, and thoe meny do not sound them th [r] iz kept: [weurd]. [r] iz adid t infinitivz t difien wot evr caryz out th akshn ov th veurb; and iz adid t an ajektiv t faurm th kmparitiv: driev:drievr, big:bigr. An [r] at weurd endz iz a week  [-eur] if not priseedid bie anuthr vouul, aur iz priseedid bie a long vouul ae, ee, ie, oe, ue, ou: [paer] (payer), [skeer] (skier), [bier] (buyer), [loer] (lower), [suer] (sewer), [flour] (flour aur flower).

 

S  s   S [Sit]  -nevr az z.  Aulsoe [sh] in [shed]. Th pluerl aaftr c, f, k, p, t, th (th unvoist [th] baths); nevr az th z sound.

 

T t     T [Tot] Aulsoe [th] faur th soundz in [this] and [thing] Thair aar 2 difr'nt soundz: peepl miet sae [this thing] az [dis ting]. [This] haz th voist [th]; [thing] th unvoist [th].

 

V v    V [Vat].

 

W w  W [Wet]  If yoo liek, [wh] in [Whair] (Where).

 

X x    X [Sex] Th [ks] sound, not th [gz] sound ov [egzam] (exam).

 

Y y    Y [Yet]. Oenly a vouul at th end ov weurdz whair th sound iz i aur ee. See Y undr vouulz biloe.

 

Z z     Z  [Zebra] . And maarks pluerlz - not aftr k,f,p,t,and th unvoist th. Aulsoe [zh] in [vizhn] (vision) etc.

 

LI duz not reeuly need Q which kuud bee KW, aur X, which kuud bee KS; bt wee hav them eny wae, soe wie not uez them?

MULTIPL KONS'N'NTS

Aul aar soundid. Faur egzampl, [apl] (apple), [simpl] (simple), [unneedid] (unneeded), hump, [litl] (little) etc; [r] at th end ov weurdz: [nevr] (never), [smaulr] (smaller), [bruthr] (brother), [kikr] (kicker), [mienr] (minor, miner).

 

Th letrz [nk] hav a naezl sound from th bak ov th noez, foloed bie [k]: [think], [thinkr] (thinker), [inkeur] (incur).

 

Th weurd endings: ang, eng, ing, ong, ung hav a naezl [n] sound bt th [g] iz not heurd. [Sang sing song sung]

 

[ng] within a weurd givz th saem naezl sound, and wen th [g] foloed bie an [r] iz heurd aftr th [ng] it must bee ritn: [finggr] (finger), [anggr] (anger); in weurdz kontaening [ang] and [ing] whair th g iz not heurd, oenly wun g iz ritn: [pingr, ringr, singr, wingr] (pinger, ringer aur wringer, singer, winger); [hangr, bangr, gangr] (Hanger aur hangar, banger, ganger).

 

2 ov th saem kons'n'nts tgethr impliez an [eu] sound bitween them: [kkoon] (Cocoon). See EU: biloe.

 

Wen 2 ajaesnt kons'n'nts at th staart ov weurdz doo not okeur in Inglish, thair iz an implied [eu] bitween them: [vnila] (vanilla). An apostreufy ['] mae bee uezd t shoe an implied eu: [k'koon], [v'nila] See EU: biloe.

VOUULZ

Vouuz and th foloeing pairz ov vouulz hav th sound diskriebd biloe. Th shaurt sound iz th vouul aloen. Th akuet long sound iz aulwaez th vouul foloed bie [e] Thair aar 13 uthr vouulz, speld with diegrafs. Whair maur than 2 vouuls aar in a roe, if th feurst pair iz a rekogniezd diegraf it wil bee spoekn az th diegraf. If not a diegraf, th feurst vouul wil bee spoekn sepreutly. Thair aar sum rekogniezd kombinaeshnz faur dubl vouul soundz. Thus:

SHAURT VOUULZ

A [bat] An [a] at th staart and end ov a weurd can hav th soft [eu] sound: [Amerika] (America)- see EU biloe. Sum Inglish speekrz sae [aa] faur [a] in sum plaesiz, bt th ULI speling staez [a]

 

E [bed] Aulsoe uezd az th endingz ov thoez weurdz taekn from Latin baest langwijiz ending in -e; vairiusly sounding az -e, -ee, -ae in US aur UK: [faurte, divaurse] (forte, divorcė, divorcėe)

 

I [sit] Thair aar tiemz wen [i] soundz liek a shaurt, unstrest [ee] [raedioe, India].

 

O [pot] Noet: in US, sum peepl sae [aa] aur [au] faur this [o] simbl: haat daug. ULI keeps th [o]; USLI ueziz [au] aur [aa]

 

U [hut]

AKUET VOUULZ (Az th long alfabet soundz, A,E,I,O,U)

AE az in [faet, baet, graet, aet] (fate, bait, great, eight).

 

EE az in [bee, eet, need, reed, yeeld, riseed, qeer] (be, eat, need, read, yield, recede, queer). 

 

IE az in [siet, siet, flie, ie, sliet, tiefoid, wier] (site, sight, fly, eye, sleight, typhoid, wire).  (th long [ie] t riplaes th [y] in fly= [flie] modify= [modifie].

 

OE az in [boet, doet, foetoe, doe, floe, thoe] (boat, dote, photo, dough, flow, though).

 

UE az in [kuet, nue, ueniet, fue] (cute, new, unite, few). Uez [yoo] faur (you). Sum Ameriknz wil sae [oo] faur [ue] in sum kaesiz, bt th [ue] iz ritaend in ULI: [nuez], (news).

 

Noet: ae, ee and ie finish with a [y] sound and oe and ue finish with a [w] sound. Ue starts with a [y] sound, thoe this iz ofn mist out in speech.

KOMPOUND VOUULZ

AA az in [aar, kaar, faathr, kaam, spaa] (are, car, father, calm, spa) Noet: meny UK peepl sae az [aa] faur a in sum weurdz, bt thair aar maur Inglish speekrz hoo sae [a] az in [kat]. Th spelin wil stae [bath, path, kasl (castle)] etk, and eny wun kan sae [baath, paath] if thae liek.

 

AI az in [air, kair, bair, wair, whair] (air, care, bear, wear, where). [ai] iz a longr faurm ov th [e] sound. This [ai] sound iz a vouul liek [e] in [mery] (merry) bt longr: [Mairy] (Mary).

 

OU az in [kou, flour, ouch! sound, bou] (cow, flower, ouch! sound, bough).

 

AU az in [aur, baurn, aut, jaunt, auning, dautr, thaut, faur, faur] (or, born, ought, jaunt, awning, daughter, thought, for, four).

 

OI az in [point, joi] (point, joy).

 

OO az in [boot, rool, throo] (boot, rule, through) (but not foot, wood).

 

UU az in [fuut, kuud, wuud, puuding, fuul] (foot, could, wood aur would, pudding, full).

TH OD [EU] vouul: th moest komn vouul in Inglish. It iz spelt [eu] wen strest, and mae bee riplaest bie apostr'fy wen unstrest; aur in sum kaesiz kan bee omitid and implied:

EU az in [weurd peurfekt] (word perfect).

 

Whair evr this [eu] sound within a weurd iz strest, it iz spelt az [eu]

 

Wen -eu- iz unstrest, it mae bee riplaest bie an apost'rfy, ['] , and in sum kaesiz mae bee omitid:

 

In th seeqeunsis ['], ['m], ['n], ['r], eethr at th end ov weurdz aur wen foloed bie anuthr kons'n'nt, th apostreufy mae bee omitid, az in [taebl] (taebl), [rithm] (rhythm), [pleznt] (pleasant), [prklaet] (percolate).

 

In th kaesiz ov [l'm], [l'n], [r'l], [r'm], [r'n], th apostreufy must bee uezd: [Faur'm] (forum) t avoid knfuezhn with [faurm] (form), [vil'n] (villain) which duz not riem with [kiln], [rifeur'l] which does not riem with [feurl] (furl). Th apostreufy mae aulsoe bee left out in seequensiz whair th sound iz obvius, aur iz difikeult t sae without an intrveening [eu] sound: [methd] (method), [butks] (buttocks).

 

If th triegraf kons'n'nt-r-kons'n'nt akeurz, then thair iz aulwaez an implied -eu- bitween th feurst kons'n'nt and th [r]: [bidrz] (bidders), [prfaurm] (perform). [fr'm] (from) needz th apostreufy. Noet [thundrd] (thundered) and [hundr'd] (hundred). Liekwiez, with eny triegraf kons'n'nt-n-kons'n'nt, thair iz aulwaez an implied -eu- between th feurst kons'n'nt and th n.

 

Whair a weurd staarts with kons'n'nt-eu-kons'n'nt and th saem kons'n'nt-konsn'n'nt pair duz not okeur in Inglish, th [eu sound bitween them kan bee implied: [Bnana, Kmpuetr, Tgethr, Vnila]

 

Dubl kons'n'nts aar oenly uezd wen boeth aar soundid, and aulwaez have an implied unstrest [eu] sound bitween them: kkoon. Noet that an apostreufy ['] kan aulwaez bee uezd t dinoet an implied [eu] t rimoov knfuezhn: [vnila,v'nila] (vanilla), [bnana, b'nana] (banana), [knsenss, knsens's] (consensus), [komn, kom'n] (common), [kons'n'nt] -heer th [-nt] ending aulwaez impliez [-eunt]; and th dubl kons'nnt aulwaez impliez [-eu-] bitween th n-n, bt kons'n'nt iz eeziur t reed than kons'nnt.

 

Thair aar a laarj numbr ov stand'rd endingz whair an [eu] sound akeurz bt iz implied with noe apostr'fy. See ENDINGZ biloe.

 

Meny weurdz staart aur end with an [eu] sound: [Amerika, a, an, agoe, agaenst, Florida, soefa, India]: and th a- and -a mae rimaen az th [eu] sound oenly az feurst aur last letrz.

TH –Y vouul

Whair stand'rd ritn Inglish (SWE) haz a –y at th endz ov weurdz, which hav a –i aur –ee sound, th –y kan rimaen. Plueurlz ritaen th -y: [sityz] (cities). In moest uthr deriv'tivz from th weurdz ending in -y, th y iz riplaest bie -i-: [Prity, pritiur, pritiist, pritines] (Pretty, prettier, prettiest, prettiness) [Hapy, hapiur, hapiist, hapines] (Happy, happier, happiest, happiness), [Sity, sitizn] (City, citizen).

 

DUBL AND MULTIPL VOUULZ

If  th feurst pair ov vouulz in eny seeqns iz wun ov th 13 pairz ov vouulz abuv, then it iz oenly spoekn az abuv, and if foloed bie 1 aur 2 maur vouulz, th feurst pair iz spoekn feurst. Faur egzampl [poeit] (poet), [dueet] (duet). bt if th feurst 2 vouulz aar not wun ov theez 13 diegrafs, then th feurst vouul iz spoekn sepreutly. Heer aar sum komn multipl vouulz:

 

AEI : th ae-i sound in [paeing] (paying).

 

AEO : th sound in [kraeon] (crayon).

 

AEU: th ae-eu sound in [Bitraeul] (betrayal)

 

EEI : th ee-i sound in [beeing] (being).

 

EEU: th ee-eu sound in [Uer'peeun] (European)

 

IA : Naurmeuly th i-a sound, [pianoe]  At the endz ov weurdz, -ia haz th i-eu sound: [India] [iedia] (idea)

 

IAE : th i-ae sound in [deeviaet] (deviate).

 

IEA : th ie-a sound in [trieangl] (triangle).

IAI : th i-ai sound in [premiair] (premiere)

IEI : th ie-i sound in [bieing] (buying), [hieist] (highest).

 

IEO : th ie-o sound in [bieopsi] (biopsy).

 

IEOE : th io-oe sound in bieoekemist (biochemist).

 

IEU : th ie-eu sound in jieunt (giant), [dieumnd] (diamond).

 

II: th i-i sound in [hapiist] (happiest)

 

IOE : th i-oe sound in [foelioe]

 

IU : th i-eu sound in [glaurius] (glorious), [duebius] (dubious), [eeziur] (easier), [Klaudius] (Claudius), [teedium] (tedium), [peeriud] (period), [miliun] (million), [riul] (real), [iediul] (ideal), [kariur] (carrier), [greesiur] (greasier), [teriur] (terrier), [champiun] (champion). At th endz ov weurdz, th -iu sound iz ritn -ia. In US, th iu iz ofn spoekn az y': mily'n.

 

IYE : th ee-e aur i-e sound in [Kiyev] (Kiev)

 

OEI : th oe-i sound in [goeing] (going), Boeing, [poeit] (poet).

 

OEU : th oe-eu sound in [koeulishn] (Coalition)

 

OII : th oi-i sound in [voiij] (voyage).

 

OIU : th oi-eu sound in [roiul] (royal).

 

OOI : th oo-i sound in [dooing] (doing).

 

OOOE: th oo-oe sound in [veurchooezoe] (virtuoso).

 

OOU : th oo-eu sound in [floount] (fluent).

 

OUU: th ou-eu sound in [alouuns] (allowance), [vouul] (vowel)

 

UEAE : th ue-ae sound in [situeaeshn] (situation) - no shaurt faurm. Noet [peurswaezhn] (persuasion)).

 

UEE : th ue-e sound in [dueet] (duet), [Janueery] (January).

 

UEI : th ue-i sound in [spueing] (spewing), [sueij] (sewage), [ruein] (ruin), [ambigueity] (ambiguity).

 

UEU : th ue-eu sound in [ambigueus] (ambiguous).

 

UEOE: th oo-oe aur ue-oe sound in [dueoe] (duo)

 

Theez diegrafs, triegrafs and qodrigrafs aar roolz.

 

Noet that whair AE, EE, IE, OE, UE kum feurst, thae rimaen th akuet A,E,I,O,U sound.  [Ao], [ei], [eo], [oa], [ua], [ui], and  [uo]  wuud bee soundid az 2 vouulz, if thae shuud evr eukeur.

 

 

PLUUR'LZ

Theez foloe th sound: aftr k, f, p, t and unvoist [th] th sound iz an [s] and [s] iz adid. Moest uthr pluur'lz sound liek [z] soe [z] iz adid. Aftr s, z, ch aur sh, -iz iz adid [houziz, dishiz]. LI prifeurz staediumz, arenas, t th aenshnt Greek aur Roemn spelingz. Istablishd Inglish ireguelrz stae az thae aar, bt speld az thae sound: [fuut] (foot), feet, [mous] (mouse), [mies] (mice).

PZESIVZ

Pzeshn is maarkd with ['z] aftr moest letrz, inklooding s,z,sh,ch [Tom'z, Jaemz'z,  ['s] aftr k, f, p, t, [Dik's]. Thair iz an apostr'fy foloeing th s aur z ov pluur'lz t maark pzeshn: [laedy'z] bilong t a laedy; [laedyz'] bilonging t laedyz.

SIELNT LETRZ

LI leevz them out. bt whair r akeurz in TS it iz aulsoe in ULI, eevn thoe non-roetiks mae not sound them: [weurd] (word). Roetiks sound theez [r]z.

AXENTS

Thair aar noe axents, s'dilaz, seurkumflexiz, stroeks, aur uthr diviesiz. Apostreufiz mae bee uezd t dinoet letrz left out : i'v faur i hav; and jenitivz: thoez thingz aar mie huzbnd'z; and fr th implied -eu- sound: [apostr'fy]

PAST TENS

Aftr d and t, LI spelz th sound [id] az in [needid] (needed). Aftr b, e, g, j, l, m, n, r, v, w , y, z, [d] with noe vouul iz uezd, az in [teurnd] (turned). Aftr k, f, p, s, x, sh, ch, th, [t] is uezd, az in [pakt, snift, krept, past, basht, macht, moutht, sext] (packed, sniffed, crept, passed, bashed, matched, sexed). Noet th od kaes ov [beurnd/beurnt] whair iethr / eethr d aur t mae bee uezd.

EXEPSHNZ

Sum ov th komn shaurt weurdz aar siet weurdz: a, an, [bt] (but), [i] (I), [t] (to), [th] (the), [wz] (was). Meny weurdz staart aur end with a shaurt [a] sound which shuud bee [eu]; bt komn uezij lets th [a] rimaen: a,  [Amerika] (America), an, [agoe] (ago), [agenst] (against), [soefa] (sofa), Florida. (Onto) bikumz [on t] and (into) bikumz [in t]. Noet (I) iz riplaest with loer kaes i.

PROPR NAEMS

Jenr’ly theez wil not chaenj, thoe thae mae in tiem ivolv t Lojikl Speling.

NUMBRZ

Whair posibl, th nuemreul shuud bee uezd. Wen wun meenz a peursn, wun iz uezd. Bt aul th numbrz do hav spelingz: Wun, too, three, faur, fiev, six, sevn, aet, nien, ten, ilevn, twelv, theurteen, faurteen, fifteen, sixteen, sevnteen, aeteen, nienteen, twenty, theurty, faurty, fifty, sixty, sevnty, aety, nienty, hundr'd, thouznd.

SUM SPESHL DIFIKEULT ENDINGZ, MAED EEZY IN LI

a. –CEAN, –CIAN, –CION, –SSION, –TION endingz: Not –stion, see c. biloe, and not equation = iqaezhn, ireg. 

Riplaes aul ov theez with [-shn]: [akshn] (action); [adishn] (addition); [adopshn] (adoption); [atenshn] (attention); [kapshn] (caption); [dikshn] (diction); [ditenshn] (detention); [imoeshn] (emotion); [ixepshn] (exception); [fishn] (fission); [frakshn] (fraction); [indukshn] (induction); [ilaeshn] (elation); [invenshn] (invention); [institueshn] (institution); [loeshn] (lotion); [mjishn] (magician); [menshn] (mention); [mishn] (mission); [moeshn] (motion); [naeshn] (nation); [noeshn] (notion); [oeshn] (ocean); [opshn] (option); [oevaeshn] (ovation); [paartishn] (partition); [pashn] (passion); [paurshn] (portion); [ptishn] (petition); [poeshn] (potion); [politishn] (politician); [p'looshn] (pollution); [prep'raeshn] (preparation); [popuelaeshn] (population); [prop'zishn] (proposition); [rashn] (ration); [ritenshn] (retention); [sekshn] (section); [sankshn] (sanction); [seshn] (session); [staeshn] (station); [sukshn] (suction); [taktishn] (tactician); [trakshn] (traction); etk.

 

b. –CIOUS, –SIOUS, –TIOUS, –XIOUS endingz: Aul bikum [shs] [ankshs] (anxious); [audaeshns] (audacious); [auspishs] (auspicious); [bumpshs] (bumptious); [konshs] (conscious); [kaushs] (cautious); [dilishs] (delicious); [graeshs] (gracious); [f'laeshs] (fallacious); [lushs] (luscious); [nokshs] (noxious); [obnokshs] (obnoxious); [preshs] (precious); [pritenshs] (pretentious); [spaeshs] (spacious); [sspishs] (suspicious); [vivaeshs] (vivacious); [vishs] (vicious).

 

c. –STIAN, –STION endingz: aul bikum schn: [Krischn] (Christian); [qeschn] (question); [sgjeschn] (suggestion).

 

d. –SIAN, –SION endingz: (not –ssion see a. abuv). Moestly riplaest with [zhn’:  Disizhn] (Decision); [divizhn] (division); [inkloozhn] (inclusion); [insizhn] (incision); [invaezhn] (invasion); [invrzhn] (inversion); [Peurzhn] (Persian); [prisizhn] (precision); [prvrzhn] (perversion); [rivizhn] (revision); [veurzhn] (version); [vizhn] (vision). Noet: ireg [iqaezhn] (equation). Bt  sum –SION endingz aar riplaest with [shn] az in a. abuv: [aveurshn] (aversion); [manshn] (mansion); [penshn] (pension); [tenshn] (tension) etk.

 

e. –CTION, –XION endingz: Aul bikum –kshn: [Sukshn] (suction); [kmplekshn] (complexion).

 

f. –CTIOUS, –XIOUS endingz: Aul bikum –kshs: [Infekshs] (infectious); [nokshs] (noxious).
 

g. –CIAL,  –SIAL, –TIAL: Aul riplaest with [shl’: [Faeshl] (facial); [maarshl] (martial); [paarshl] (partial); [ptenshl] (potential); [soeshl] (social); [spaeshl] (spatial); [speshl] (special); etc.
 

h. –AGE, –EDGE, –EGE endingz: Moestly riplaest with -ij aur -ej: [Bondij] (Bondage); [ej] (edge); [privilij] (privilege); [nolij] (knowledge). Not singl sileubl -age weurds: [aej, kaej, paej, raej, saej, waej] (age, cage, page, rage, sage, wage).

 

i. –ANT, –ENT: (not singl sileubl wuerdz). Whair the vouul in theez endingz iz th neer sielnt, unstrest [eu] sound, uez just [nt] If thair iz anuthr vouul aur an axentid [eu] uez th keurekt vouul: [preznt] (present), ajektiv aur adveurb aur noun; [prizent] (present), veurb. Uthr wiez, just [nt’: [Pendnt] (Pendant); [thouznd] (thousand); [korespondnt] (correspondent); [sielnt] (silent).  (Noet aftr [r] best t put th [eu] in: kureunt); (it iz nevr rong t ad th [eu] vouul, Bt it iz uezhuuly not needid). Eny weurd ending in kons'n'nt-n- kons'n'nt impliez -eun-.

 

j. –ANCE, –ENCE: Aul bikum –euns: [aplieuns] (appliance); [eleuqns] (eloquence).

k. –LESS: Wen a noun iz chaenjd t an ajektiv - meening without th property ov the noun, chaenj t –les; [thautles] (thoughtless).

l. –NESS: Wen an ajektiv iz chaenjd t a noun - sumthing with th propeurtiz ov th ajektiv; [thautlesnes] (Thoughtlessness)

 

m. –ATE: Can bee –eut aur aet: [aulteurneut] (Alternate-adj); [aultrnaet] (Alternate-v).

 

n. –ABLE, –IBLE: Riplaest bie –eubl: [probeubl] (probable); [poseubl] (possible).

 

o. –AR, –ER, –OR - uezhuuly th aejeunsy which kariz out th akshn ov a veurb, aur a kmpareutiv: riplaest with –r:  [betr] (better); [voetr] (voter); [Mienr] (miner,minor); [kariur] (carrier);  [kilr] (killer); [plaer] (player); [ditektr] (detector); [lier] (liar); [beurglr] (burglar). Noet th kmparativ ov adjektivs ending in -y chaenjiz to -iur: [prity, pritiur] (pretty, prettier)

 

p. –ARY, –ORY: riplaest with –'ry: [Komnt'ry] (commentary); [pred't'ry] (predatory); [intr'dukt'ry] (introductory).

 

q. –FUL: wen meening fuul ov sumthing, riplaest bie -fuul: [cheerfuul, kairfuul, spoonfuul] (cheerful, careful, spoonful).

 

r. –MAN: This iz uezhuuly pr'nounst m'n: Bt whair th meening iz man, [Inglishman] it wil stae –man.

 

s. -TEOUS: Riplaest bie -chs in [riechs] (righteous).

 

t. - GEOUS: Riplaest bie -js, [rilijs] (religeous); [gaurjs] (gorgeous).

 

USLI, UKLI and ULI

 

Thair iz an obvius problm, in that US and UK and uthr pr'nunsiaeshnz aar not aul th saem. USLI and UKLI spelingz thairfaur difr. Fr this reezn thair iz an uthr opshn, Ueniveursl LI, ULI.

Th Univeursl LI Dikshnry givz ULI spelingz, and th LI Dikshnry ofrz up t 3 spelingz fr eech weurd, UKLI feurst, USLI seknd if it difrz; an ast'risk, *, shoez which wun iz th ULI, exept in th rair kaes wen th ULI iz difreunt from eethr, and iz ritn theurd. Th dikshnry iz beeing editid and wil bee maed avaeleubl fr free doun loed when editing iz kmpleet.

DIMINISHT SOUNDZ

Thair iz a tendeunsy to diminish th fuul sound ov th spoekn weurd. Wair USLI and UKLI uez th saem sound, then th diminishment haz bikum paart ov th langwij and LI wil spel th sound. But wair eethr UKLI aur USLI ritaen th fuulr faurm, th ULI wil bee th fuulr, leest diminisht, faurm, maarkt with an ast'rix:

Vouulz hav a peking aurdr:

1. Akuet aur tens vouulz, ae, ee, ie, oe, ue. [Pr'test, proetest *]
2. Shaurt vouuls, a, e, i, o, u.

3. Kompound vouulz az difiend abuv, [Dog *, daug]
4. Th [eu] vouul (shwa) [Misiel *, mis'l]
5. Th implied [eu] vouul.
6. Th vouul left out kmpleetly [Sekr'try, sekr'tery *]

Some Kons'n'nts aulsoe hav a peking aurdr.

1. Th k'rekt sound from th list abuv.
2. T aur Th
abuv d. [Bruthr *, brudr; this *, dis; sity *,sidy]
3. St abuv sch. [Bestiul *, beschl]
4. S abuv z. [tranzlaet, translate *]

Th speling hieur up th aurdr iz th k'rekt ULI.

Whair th Inglish weurd kumz from anuthr langwij, th USLI aur UKLI which moest kloesly rizemblz th orijinl iz choezn.
 

UTHR DIEALEKTS AND LANGWIJIZ

Lojikl Inglish lets yoo riet th sound yoo heer in eny langwij aur dieulekt, not just Inglish. It kan aulsoe bee uezd t riet and ixplaen reej'nl axnts. Th riet speling iz th wun that spelz th sound. Man kan ough Doich shriebn. Tambeeen podemos eskreeveer en Espanyol. Bt Chieneez, Veeetnameez and Hotentot klik speech  aar triki, and sum langwijiz hav extra soundz (th naezl sound in [en] aur [on] aur [an] in French faur egzampl, speld az [on] in LF).

 

 




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